1. The inside boat is also the right-of-way boat here (leeward) and
does not turn off basic right-of-way rules like port/starboard (rule 10) and windward/leeward (rule 11), i.e.
Poul can take as much room as he likes. The only time an inside boat is
not entitled to take enough room for a "tactical rounding"
(e.g. wide and close at the mark) is when the outside boat is the
right-of-way boat. For instance, the outside boat could be leeward (end
a buoys-to-port triangle) or starboard (end of a buoys-to-starboard
run), and in that case, the inside boat is only entitled to mark-room,
enough room to make a seamanlike rounding.
2. No. Such room to keep clear is provided under rule 16.1, but rule 21 states:
"When a boat is sailing within the
to which she is entitled under a rule of Section C, she shall be
exonerated if, in an incident with a boat required to give her that room
(a) she breaks a rule of Section
A, rule 15
or rule 16,
(b) she is compelled to break rule 31."
3. The timing of the gybe will be entirely at Poul's discretion because
the inside boat can round any way he likes. Rule 18.4
(gybing) requires an inside boat which "must
gybe" to make a proper course rounding. But here 18.4
will not even apply, since the next leg is a run, and proper course
does not necessarily require a gybe.